The chemistry of benzene and its derivatives is called aromatic chemistry. The reactions of the side chains follow the previous section in general, but there are other specific methods for certain transformations.
Nitration of benzene
This reaction affords a means of starting a side chain on the aromatic ring.
Nitrobenzene to phenylamine (aminobenzene)
This transformation requires a two step reaction:
1. Reduction of the nitro- group by tin and hydrochloric acid
2. Generation of the phenylamine from the complex formed in 1. by work-up under basic conditions (hydrolysis).